Learn More About the Various Uses of Orthosis
Orthotics is a term that is referring to the medical specialty which is concerned with the manufacture, application and the design of a device called as orthosis. Orthotics is believed to be a combination of other areas of study, like engineering, anatomy and physiology, pathophysiology, and biomechanics. The singular form for the said device is orthosis, while orthoses is its plural form, and it can be worn or applied externally to the individual who needs it.
An orthosis is primarily manufactured and designed to modify, alter or change the structural and functional aspect of the two bodily systems, namely the neuromuscular system and the skeletal system. The most common uses of the orthoses is to assist the movement of the bones, joint, and muscles in a general manner; to limit the movement, immobilize, control or guide the movement of a body segment, joint and extremity for a specified reason; to correct the function and the shape of the patient’s body part; to provide the patient with an easier movement capability; to reduce the pain felt by the patient; to aid rehabilitation from any fractures after a cast is removed; to reduce the weight bearing forces of the patient; and to restrict movement in a specified direction. The various health conditions that can definitely obtain beneficial factors from using orthoses are stroke, spinal cord injury, peripheral neuropathy, scoliosis, plantar fasciitis, polio, joint laxity or arthritis, paralysis, spina bifida and cerebral palsy. The various materials that are commonly used in the production and design of orthoses are fabric, thermoplastics, carbon fiber, metals, elastic, and EVA or ethylene-vinyl acetate.
There are three various classifications of orthoses, namely the spinal orthoses, the lower-limb orthoses, and the upper-limb orthoses. The term upper-limb can also be called as the upper extremities of a human being, and the orthoses used or designed on the said body part can either be a mechanical one or an electromechanical one, and it is being applied or attached to the arm and the segments of the arm of the patient. There are basically a lot of different kinds of upper-limb orthoses, namely the clavicular and shoulder orthoses, elbow orthoses, hand orthoses, forearm-wrist-hand orthoses, forearm-wrist orthoses, forearm-wrist-thumb orthoses, functional arm orthoses, and arm orthoses. The examples of the spinal orthoses are the Charleston bending brace, the Milwaukee brace, and the Boston brace; and this is being used for the condition wherein there is an abnormal curvature of the spine, and spinal fractures. Lower-limb is a term that refers to the lower extremities of a person, which includes the foot, ankle and knee. The various examples of the lower-limb orthoses are the foot orthoses, the KO or the knee orthosis, the prophylactic braces, the KAFOs or the knee-ankle-foot orthosis, and the ankle-foot orthosis.