There are biological samples such as biological reagents, blood and blood derivatives, vaccines DNA, special medicines, and even flammable chemicals that cannot be adequately stored in ordinary refrigerators and freezers due to their extreme temperature condition requirements for these substances to be of use at their optimum condition; therefore, biomedical freezers and refrigerators have been designed to meet this specific need. The commercial applications of biomedical freezers and refrigerators are purposely varied in order to effectively store biological samples for long periods, examples of which are plasma products, blood and vaccines must be stored at temperature conditions between-30 to -40 degrees Centigrade, DNA and RNA samples must be stored at a temperature range within -70 to -80 degrees Centigrade.
Blood banks, hospitals, pharmacies, diagnostic clinics, research laboratories, university laboratories, etc. are usually the main users of these biomedical refrigerators and freezers, with the blood bank sector as having the largest market share for these types of storage equipment. Because of the varied applications of biomedical freezers and refrigerators, these storage facilities are typed according to its market, such as blood bank refrigerators, laboratory refrigerators, plasma freezers, ultra low freezers, laboratory freezers, shock freezers, cryogenic refrigeration or storage system. The demand for biomedical freezers and refrigerators are due to these factors noted in the market, such as an increase of blood transfusions, creation of new vaccines, increase demand for cellular therapies, specialized medicines, and more research and development activities being established lately. Other equally significant factors which contribute to the growth in the business of biomedical freezers and refrigerators are the expansion of the healthcare industry and escalation of technological and infrastructural establishment of specialized hospitals and clinics. The market growth for biomedical freezers and refrigerators is challenged recently by the upsurge of cheaply-made storage units that are available in the market at a much lower price. It is important to take note that the presence in the market of cheaply-made biomedical freezers and refrigerators may contribute and affect the storage quality of highly sensitive to temperature conditions which are blood and biological samples. Stringent legislations are now being established to serve as standards in the designing, manufacturing, testing, and marketing of these types of biomedical freezers and refrigerators with emphasis on safety and performance, thus requiring quality certification of these products. In order to maintain and increase its market presence, the marketing team and producers of biomedical freezers and refrigerators must be able to meet these influencing factors: quality and technological aspect, competitive pricing, and effective distribution network.