Understanding The History Of The Uyghur People.
When checking the latest information, it is said that the number of ethnic groups in the world today stands at around one hundred thousand. There are several things that are considered when classifying these groups and some of them are the cultural heritage, beliefs, and homeland.
There are the majority ethnic groups that enjoy a huge number and popularity and there are the minority ethnic groups. There have been discoveries of new ethnic groups that were unknown and it is estimated that there are more out there.
Uyghurs are among the minority ethnic groups of this time. They originate from Turkey and currently can be found in East and Central Asia. They reside in the People’s Republic of China primarily in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. China has recognized them as among the 55 minority ethnic groups.
The majority of these people can be found in China even though they can also be traced in other parts that are near Turkey. By 2010, it was estimated that Kazakhstan had over 200,000 Uyghur people. Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan are next with over 100,000 combined. Even though these people come from Turkey, their number in this country stands at only 45,000.
The Turkistan ethnic group is widely spread in other areas of the world even though it is small numbers. Due to the language that they spoke, there was a time they were known as Turks.
By the 19th Century, this group was referred to be the most ancient ethnic group in the world. Their origin dates back to the 2nd century. There was a time when their Uyghur name was lost but was later rediscovered. The name is applied to identified a collective group rather than a single group.
Even though they are among the minority ethnic groups, they have the longest history than any other group. They follow their ancestor’s beliefs and have remained committed to this practice.
Their economic activities involve farming, black smith, and baking in this region. However, there are those who are known for their pastoralist activities.
Their primary languages are the Chinese language and Uyghur. They are also Muslims who practice Sunni Islam. They are closely related to the Karluks, Tocharians, and the Turkic people.
After the fall of the Uyghur Kingdoms, the people of Uyghur dispersed around the world. They Moved to China and formed the Ganzhou kingdom. People believe that the current Uyghur people are descendants of this kingdom.
The Uyghur are among the few groups that have had a chance of being themselves without being influenced by other ethnic groups today.